General objectives of genetic improvement of pepper

The main objectives of pepper genetic improvement are based on the work on varieties like blocky, lamuyo, spicy in their different colors: red, yellow and orange.

Our genetically enhanced varieties show resistance to the following viruses: PMMV, TSWV, LVT and TMV.

Our research and developing efforts are focused on the following objective markets: Spain, Maghreb and Middle East.

Blockies

We carry out breeding on pepper varieties type Blockies with the strategy of gradual introduction of virus resistances, and improved productivity, furthermore taking into account those agronomic traits of interest to the consumer.

Blockies
Hot Types

We carry out breeding on pepper varieties Hot Types with the strategy of gradual introduction of virus resistances, and improved productivity, furthermore taking into account those agronomic traits of interest to the consumer.

Hot Types
Rootstocks

We carry out breeding on pepper varieties Rootstock with the strategy of gradual introduction of virus resistances, and improved productivity, furthermore taking into account those agronomic traits of interest to the consumer.

Rootstocks

List of varieties and characteristics of Pepper

Shape Size Color Resistance Markets
Blockies9x9Red, Yellow, OrangeLVT, N, PMMV, TSWVSpain
11x11Red, YellowLVT, N, PMMV, TSWVMorocco
Lamuyos16x8RedPMMV, TSWV
Sweet Horn18x8Red, YellowPMMV, TSWVSpain, Syria, Lebanon, Magreb
Hot TypesRed, Yellow, OrangeBLS 1'2'3', PVY, TMVSpain, Syria, Lebanon, Magreb
RootstocksN, PHYT, TMVItaly, Magreb, Spain

Resistances that we work on Pepper

One of the main strategies of our genetic improvement program has been the gradual use of resistances to viruses in our genetic material, without forgetting those agronomic characters of commercial interest.
#LVT
#TSWV_Des
#LVT_Des
#Phytophthora_Des

Introducted resistances

Resistance Inbreeds Description
TSWV***Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus
PMMV (L3, L4)***Pepper Mild Mottle Virus
Lvt***Oidium
PHYT*PHYT
N**Nematodes
Xcv (bis) 1'2'3'**Xanthomonas

Developing resistances

Resistance Source Description
TSWV (nuevos aislados)Capsicum BaccatumTomato Spotted Wilt Virus
Thrips-Preference test of the vector
C. Annum-Complete resistance
BLS (Xanthomonas)C. AnnumDifferent races
Phytophthora (inmune)Capsicum BaccatumRootstock and use of resistance to C. Annum

Lines of Pepper

Obtaining lines combining classical and modern genetic improvement methods.
Methods Advantages Problems
Di-HaploidsFastness, Stability, MABCost, Adaptation, Combination
Classical breedingAdaptation, Flexibility, CostTime

New projects for improvement of Pepper

The objective of this species improvement are the obtaining of new varieties and the introduction of bacterial resistances for the American markets.
Project Description
RootstocksInterspecific crosses for root resistances
Small PeppersSweet, seedless, new varieties in the market
BLS 5Introduction in our material
New varieties and marketsSearch of new varieties and markets
Consulting, new varieties, seed multiplication, breeding services, genetic counseling, development of varieties, software seed management and genetic improvement, germplasm collection, seed Ecommerce, characterization of varieties of plant genetics laboratory, analysis of varietal purity, molecular markers, tomato seeds, pepper seeds, eggplant seeds, cucumber seeds.